A pleasing land of drowsy head 1
it 1 was , Of dreams that wave before the half-shut eye ; And of gay castles in the clouds that pass , Forever flushing round a summer sky .
CASTLE OF INDOLENCE 46 .
In the bosom of
, at that broad expansion of
one of those spacious coves which indent
the eastern shore of
the Hudson 4 3
, and where
the river denominated by
the ancient Dutch navigators 5
the Tappan Zee 4 4
they 5 always prudently shortened sail and implored the protection of
St. Nicholas 6 when
they 5 crossed , there lies
a small market town 7 or
rural port 8 , which by some is called
Greensburgh 9 , but which is more generally and properly known by the name of
Tarry Town 10 .
This name was given ,
we 11 are told , in former days , by
, from the inveterate propensity of to linger about on market days .
the good housewives of
the adjacent country 13 12
Be that as it may ,
I 16 do not vouch for the fact , but merely advert to it , for the sake of being precise and authentic .
Not far from
this village 10 , perhaps about two miles , there is
a little valley 17 or rather
, which is
lap of land among
high hills 18 107
one of the quietest places in
the whole world 19 112
A small brook 20 glides through
it 17 , with just murmur enough to lull one to repose ; and the occasional whistle of a quail or tapping of a woodpecker is almost the only sound that ever breaks in upon the uniform tranquillity .
I 16 recollect that , when
a stripling 21 ,
my 16 first exploit in squirrel-shooting was in
a grove of tall walnut-trees that shades
one side of
the valley 17 23
I 16 had wandered into
it 22 at noontime , when all nature is peculiarly quiet , and was startled by the roar of
my 16 own gun , as it broke the Sabbath stillness around and was prolonged and reverberated by the angry echoes .
I 16 should wish for a retreat whither
I 16 might steal from
the world 24 and
its 24 distractions , and dream quietly away the remnant of a troubled life ,
I 16 know of none more promising than
this little valley 17 .
From the listless repose of
the place 17 , and the peculiar character of
inhabitants , who are
the original Dutch settlers 26 25
this sequestered glen 17 has long been known by the name of
SLEEPY HOLLOW 17 , and are called
the Sleepy Hollow Boys 27 throughout
all the neighboring country 28 .
A drowsy , dreamy influence seems to hang over the land , and to pervade the very atmosphere .
Some 103 say that
the place 17 was bewitched by
a High German doctor 29 , during the early days of the settlement ; others , that
an old Indian chief 30 ,
the prophet or wizard of 105
his 30 powwows there before
the country 32 was discovered by
Master Hendrick Hudson 33 .
Certain it is ,
the place 17 still continues under the sway of some witching power , that holds a spell over the minds of
the good people 34 , causing
them 34 to walk in a continual reverie .
They 34 are given to all kinds of marvellous beliefs , are subject to trances and visions , and frequently see strange sights , and hear music and voices in the air .
The whole neighborhood 35 abounds with local tales ,
haunted spots 36 , and twilight superstitions ; stars shoot and meteors glare oftener across
the valley 17 than in
, and the nightmare , with her whole ninefold , seems to make
any other part of
the country 38 37
it 17 the favorite scene of her gambols .
The dominant spirit , however , that haunts this enchanted region , and seems to be commander-in-chief of all the powers of the air , is the apparition of
a figure on horseback , without a head 39 .
It is said by some to be the ghost of
a Hessian trooper , whose head had been carried away by a cannon-ball , in some nameless battle during the Revolutionary War , and who is ever and anon seen by
the country folk 40
hurrying along in the gloom of night , as if on the wings of the wind 39
His 39 haunts are not confined to
the valley 17 , but extend at times to
the adjacent roads 41 , and especially to the vicinity of
a church 42 at no great distance .
, allege that the body of
certain of the most authentic historians of
those parts 44
, who have been careful in collecting and collating the floating facts concerning
this spectre 39 43
the trooper 39 having been buried in
the churchyard 45 ,
the ghost 39 rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly quest of
his 39 head , and that the rushing speed with which
he 39 sometimes passes along
the Hollow 17 , like a midnight blast , is owing to
his 39 being belated , and in a hurry to get back to
the churchyard 45 before daybreak .
Such is the general purport of this legendary superstition , which has furnished materials for many a wild story in
that region of shadows 17 ; and
the spectre 39 is known at all the country firesides , by the name of
the Headless Horseman of
Sleepy Hollow 17 39
It is remarkable that the visionary propensity
I 16 have mentioned is not confined to
, but is unconsciously imbibed by
the native inhabitants of
the valley 17 47
every one who resides
for a time 48
However wide awake
they 48 may have been before
they 48 entered
that sleepy region 17 ,
they 48 are sure , in a little time , to inhale the witching influence of the air , and begin to grow imaginative , to dream dreams , and see apparitions .
I 16 mention
this peaceful spot 17 with all possible laud , for it is in
, that population , manners , and customs remain fixed , while the great torrent of migration and improvement , which is making such incessant changes in
such little retired Dutch valleys , found here and there embosomed in
the great State of New York 50 49
, sweeps by
other parts of
this restless country 52 51
them 51 unobserved .
They 51 are like
those little nooks of still water , which border
a rapid stream 54
may see the straw and bubble riding quietly at anchor , or slowly revolving in
mimic harbor , undisturbed by the rush of the passing current 53
Though many years have elapsed since
I 16 trod the drowsy shades of
Sleepy Hollow 17 , yet
I 16 question whether
I 16 should not still find the same trees and the same families vegetating in
its 17 sheltered bosom .
In this by-place of nature there abode , in a remote period of American history , that is to say , some thirty years since ,
a worthy wight of the name of
Ichabod Crane 0
, who sojourned , or , as
expressed it , “ tarried , ” in
Sleepy Hollow 17
, for the purpose of instructing
the children of
the vicinity 57 56
He 0 was a native of
Connecticut 58 ,
a State which supplies
the Union 59
pioneers for the mind 60
as well as for
the forest 61
, and sends forth yearly
frontier woodmen 62
country schoolmasters 63 108
The cognomen of
Crane 64 was not inapplicable to .
He 0 was tall , but exceedingly lank , with narrow shoulders , long arms and legs , hands that dangled a mile out of
his 0 sleeves , feet that might have served for shovels , and
his 0 whole frame most loosely hung together .
His 0 head was small , and flat at top , with huge ears , large green glassy eyes , and a long snipe nose , so that it looked like a weather-cock perched upon
his 0 spindle neck to tell which way the wind blew .
him 0 striding along the profile of
a hill 65 on a windy day , with
his 0 clothes bagging and fluttering about
him 0 , one might have mistaken
him 0 for the genius of famine descending upon
the earth 66 , or some scarecrow eloped from
a cornfield 67 .
; the windows partly glazed , and partly patched with leaves of old copybooks .
a low building of
one large room 68
, rudely constructed of logs 109
It was most ingeniously secured at vacant hours , by a withe twisted in the handle of the door , and stakes set against the window shutters ; so that though
a thief 69 might get in with perfect ease ,
he 69 would find some embarrassment in getting out , -- an idea most probably borrowed by
the architect 70 ,
Yost Van Houten 110 , from the mystery of an eelpot .
The schoolhouse 71 stood in a rather lonely but pleasant situation , just at the foot of
a woody hill 72 , with
a brook 73 running close by , and a formidable birch-tree growing at one end of
it 71 .
From hence the low murmur of ’ voices , conning over
their 74 lessons , might be heard in a drowsy summer ’s day , like the hum of a beehive ; interrupted now and then by the authoritative voice of
the master 0 , in the tone of menace or command , or , peradventure , by the appalling sound of the birch , as
he 0 urged
some tardy loiterer 75 along the flowery path of knowledge .
Truth to say ,
he 0 was
a conscientious man 106 , and ever bore in mind the golden maxim , “ Spare the rod and spoil
the child 76 . ”
certainly were not spoiled .
Ichabod Crane 0
’s scholars 74
I 16 would not have it imagined , however , that
he 0 was one of
; on the contrary ,
those cruel potentates of
the school 78
who joy in the smart of 77
he 0 administered justice with discrimination rather than severity ; taking the burden off the backs of
the weak 80 , and laying it on those of
the strong 81 .
, was passed by with indulgence ; but the claims of justice were satisfied by inflicting a double portion on
mere puny stripling , that winced at the least flourish of the rod 82
some little tough wrong-headed , broad-skirted Dutch urchin , who sulked and swelled and grew dogged and sullen beneath the birch 84 .
he 0 called “ doing
his 0 duty by ; ” and
he 0 never inflicted a chastisement without following it by the assurance , so consolatory to
the smarting urchin 86 , that “
he 86 would remember it and thank
him 0 for it the longest day
he 86 had to live . ”
When school hours were over ,
he 0 was even
; and on holiday afternoons would convoy
the companion and playmate of
the larger boys 87 111
the smaller ones 88 104
home 89 , who happened to have
pretty sisters 90 , or
good housewives 91 for
mothers 92 , noted for the comforts of the cupboard .
Indeed , it behooved
him 0 to keep on good terms with .
The revenue arising from was small , and would have been scarcely sufficient to furnish
him 0 with daily bread , for
he 0 was a huge feeder , and , though lank , had the dilating powers of an anaconda ; but to help out
his 0 maintenance ,
he 0 was , according to country custom in those parts , boarded and lodged at
the houses of
the farmers whose
he 0 lived successively a week at a time , thus going the rounds of
the neighborhood 95 , with all
his 0 worldly effects tied up in a cotton handkerchief .
That all this might not be too onerous on the purses of
rustic patrons , who are apt to consider the costs of schooling a grievous burden , and
mere drones 98 96
he 0 had various ways of rendering
himself 0 both useful and agreeable .
He 0 assisted
the farmers 94 occasionally in the lighter labors of , helped to make hay , mended the fences , took the horses to water , drove the cows from pasture , and cut wood for the winter fire .
He 0 laid aside , too , all the dominant dignity and absolute sway with which
he 0 lorded it in ,
the school 78 , and became wonderfully gentle and ingratiating .
He 0 found favor in the eyes of
the mothers 0 by petting
the children 101 , particularly the youngest ; and like the lion bold , which whilom so magnanimously the lamb did hold ,
he 0 would sit with
a child 102 on one knee , and rock a cradle with
his 0 foot for whole hours together .